Lesson 2: Causes
- Learning Goal
- Identify causes when given an effect in fiction.
- Approximately 50 minutes
- Necessary Materials
- Provided: Example Chart , Independent Practice Worksheet
Not Provided: If You Give a Moose a Muffin by Laura Joffe Numeroff, chart paper, markers
will restate the definitions of cause (why something happens) and effect (something that happens because of something else), providing many specific examples of each. I will model identifying and discussing why things happen (causes) in If You Give a Moose a Muffin by Laura Joffe Numeroff. I will discuss and chart what happens and why it happens in the book, stopping after page 8. (Example Chart is provided.) For example, say: "I know that the moose wanted some jam. Why did he want jam? I think he wanted milk because he was given a muffin. Giving the moose a muffin was the cause and the moose wanting jam was the effect."
Ask: "How did I find the causes in the story?" Students should respond that each time something happened in the story you thought about why it happened or what else in the story caused it to happen.
will work together to identify, chart, and discuss what happens and the causes of these events in the middle of If You Give a Moose a Muffin, from pages 9-18. We will then listen as I read and identify events in the rest of If You Give a Moose a Muffin. (Example Chart is provided.)
will identify the causes for the events that were identified by the teacher in the Guided Practice. (Independent Practice Worksheet is provided.)
TIP: Students will need access to the read aloud book to complete the Independent Practice. Students may work in small groups, sharing a version of the book to complete the Independent Practice. Differentiate the Independent Practice by allowing students to write or draw the effects to show mastery of the learning outcome.
(To see all of the ReadWorks lessons aligned to your standards, click here.)
Build Student Vocabulary remind
|Tier 2 Word: remind|
|Contextualize the word as it is used in the story||When the moose is sewing on a button, it reminds him of the puppets his grandmother made.|
|Explain the meaning student-friendly definition)||Remind means that something makes you remember or think of something else. When the moose is sewing, the buttons made him remember or think of the puppets his grandmother made.|
|Students repeat the word||Say the word remind with me: remind.|
|Teacher gives examples of the word in other contexts||A grocery lists helps to remind me of the things I need to buy. I like seeing tulips at the flower stand, because it reminds me of spring, even when it is not spring outside. Remind me to do my homework because sometimes I forget.|
|Students provide examples||Ask the student next to you to remind you to do something. Start by saying “Remind me to _____________.”|
|Students repeat the word again.||What word are we talking about? Remind.|
|Additional Vocabulary Words||loose, scenery|
Before reading the book, explain to students that you are going to read a story about a moose. Show students a picture of a moose. Explain that they eat leaves and bark off trees and shrubs. They also do not have a set of upper teeth, so they eat by stripping leaves off of the plant, like a Band-aid.