Lesson 1: Identifying Opinions with Signal Words
Dandelions: Stars in the Grass | 460L
- Learning Goal
- Use signal words to identify an opinion.
- Approximately 50 minutes
- Necessary Materials
- Provided: Example Chart for Direct Teaching, Independent Practice Worksheet
Not Provided: Dandelions: Stars in the Grass by Mia Posada, chart paper, markers
will introduce the definition of an opinion by explaining that an opinion is how you feel or think about something or what you like. An opinion is something that people can have different ideas about. I will give examples of opinions (“I like broccoli.” “I think skunks are cute.” “The dark is scary to me.”) and let the students agree or disagree with my opinions. I will explain that there are signal words that can help us identify opinions and I will read the signal words from the chart. (Example is provided.) I will provide examples of opinions that use these signal words. I will use Dandelions: Stars in the Grass by Mia Posada to model how to identify opinions. I will read the front jacket of the book and explain that the first sentence inside the book expresses an opinion about dandelions. I will identify the opinion (“To me the dandelion is a noble breed”) on page 1 and discuss how “to me” is similar to “I think” or “I feel.”
TIP: Be sure to explain to students that not all opinions will have signal words. Sometimes, an opinion may be a statement such as, “the book is interesting.”
Ask: "How did I decide if a sentence was an opinion?" Students should respond that you looked for words like "I think", "I feel", or "to me." These are words that tell the reader that it is an opinion.
will work together to identify the opinion about how dandelions look when they bloom on page 3, what the circle looks like on page 9, what the seeds remind the author of on page 13, and what the dandelions like best on page 17. We will discuss how we knew these were opinions and discuss if we agree or disagree with them.
will use signal words to identify opinions and explain in writing how you knew they were opinions. (Independent Practice Worksheet is provided.) Note: We encourage you to purchase the hardcover edition of Dandelions: Stars in the Grass, as it includes the book jacket sentences used in the Direct Teaching section of this lesson. You can still use the soft cover edition of the book, but it does not include the information from the book jacket of the hardcover edition. If you use the soft cover edition, create two sentences that ask the reader for an opinion about dandelions.
Build Student Vocabulary emerge
|Tier 2 Word: emerge|
|Contextualize the word as it is used in the story||In place of petals emerge fluffy tufts of white.|
|Explain the meaning student-friendly definition)||Emerge means to come out of hiding. You can’t see the fluffy white tufts, because the yellow petals are covering them. When the petals fall off, then the fluffy white tufts emerge or come out of hiding.|
|Students repeat the word||Say the word emerge with me: emerge.|
|Teacher gives examples of the word in other contexts||The other day I could not find my dog, until he emerged from under the bed. The sun was hidden until it emerged from behind the clouds. When the school bus stops in front of the school, the children emerge and begin to walk toward the building. The children cannot be seen until they emerge or come out of the bus.|
|Students provide examples||Can you think of a time you saw something emerge? Tell me about it by saying, “Once I saw _____________ emerge from behind___________________.”|
|Students repeat the word again.||What word are we talking about? emerge|
|Additional Vocabulary Words||noble, slender|
After reading the book, show students the supplementary section in the back of the text, "Eating Weeds." Explain to students that dandelions are considered weeds. Weeds are plants that are out of place and grow where they are not wanted. Since dandelion seeds scatter in the wind, they may end up in unexpected places, like the sides of highways or yards where they were not supposed to be.
Texts & Materials
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