Lesson 1: Hyperboles
- Learning Goal
- Identify and describe hyperboles in literature.
- Approximately 50 minutes
- Necessary Materials
- Provided: Example Chart for Direct Teaching, Independent Practice Worksheet
Not Provided: My Dad by Anthony Browne, chart paper, markers
will define hyperboles as an exaggeration that someone says but doesn’t really mean, for example: “I’ve been waiting forever.” I haven’t really been waiting forever; it just feels like I have been waiting a very long time. I will chart examples of hyperboles. (Example Chart is provided.) I will model identifying the real meaning in such hyperboles.
TIP: Discuss the meaning of “exaggeration” with students and it’s relation to hyperboles. Challenge students to use exaggeration throughout the day. You may also choose to communicate with the class by using hyperboles and challenge students to identify the meanings. For example, you may say, the books in your book bag weigh a ton.
Ask: "How did I know the real meaning of a hyperbole?" Students should respond that you read or listened to the hyperbole and visualized it in your head. Then you thought about what the hyperbole really meant by thinking about what the author was trying to say.
will read the first half of My Dad by Anthony Browne and identify hyperboles by acting out the real meaning of the hyperboles. For example, “My dad can eat like a horse,” means his dad can eat a lot. A student may act out eating a lot of food. We will discuss the meaning of each hyperbole in the first half of the book.
TIP: When you are teaching your students about hyperboles, make sure to discuss why hyperboles are used and the effect that they have on the reader.
will listen as I finish reading My Dad aloud. You will draw a picture of one hyperbole identified in the book and explain its real meaning (orally or in writing). (Independent Practice Worksheet is provided.) Note: Hyperboles are often confused with similes or metaphors because they compare two objects. The difference is that hyperboles are an exaggeration. For example, “He can swim like a fish” seems like a simile. However, it is also a hyperbole because it is an exaggeration, since a dad cannot spend his entire life swimming underwater like a fish.
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Build Student Vocabulary brilliant
|Tier 2 Word: brilliant|
|Contextualize the word as it is used in the story||My dad’s a great dancer and a brilliant singer.|
|Explain the meaning student-friendly definition)||Brilliant means bright and shining, or talented. When someone is described as brilliant it means that they shine, or are talented at something. The dad in the story has a special talent for singing.|
|Students repeat the word||Say the word brilliant with me: brilliant.|
|Teacher gives examples of the word in other contexts||The inventor was a brilliant student when he was in school. In the night sky, the star was brilliant. It is a bright and shining star. A very shiny diamond is brilliant. A fire can burn brilliantly. A very bright color can be called brilliant. The car was painted a brilliant red.|
|Students provide examples||Name someone that you think is brilliant. What is he or she brilliant at? Start by saying, “I know ______________ who is brilliant at ____________.|
|Students repeat the word again.||What word are we talking about? brilliant|
|Additional Vocabulary Words||wise, easily|
Pause before reading page 16. Explain that owls have been considered wise since ancient times. Owls cannot move their eyes from side to side, but they can turn their head almost all the way around to see what is going on behind them. Also, owls can see at night, which makes it easier for them to catch their prey or the animals that they hunt for food.