Lesson 1: The Best Main Idea
- Learning Goal
- Choose the best main idea.
- Approximately 50 minutes
- Necessary Materials
- Provided: Direct Teaching and Guided Practice Passage, “Baseball” and Worksheet; Guided Practice Passage, “The First Day of School” and Worksheet; Independent Practice Passage, “Snow Day!” and Worksheet
Activation & Motivation
Unpacking the main idea! Pull the following items out of a bag: a toothbrush, toothpaste, dental floss, and mouthwash. Ask students to turn and talk to a partner about what they think the big idea of the bag is based on the items. Chart their ideas, but limit choices to two. Lead students to determine that the unpacked “big idea” is keeping your teeth clean.
will explain to students that the main idea of a text is what the text is mostly about. I will read “Baseball” (provided) and explain that I have two choices for the main idea. I will think aloud about the title and what the passage is mainly about. I will read the two choices for the main idea and discuss how the passage mentions both of these. I will model my thinking as I choose the correct main idea. For example, I will say "even though the passage says that Kobe plays baseball with his mom, it is only one small part of the passage. All the other sentences are about how much Kobe loves baseball and all the things he does related to baseball. So the best main idea is the second, 'Kobe loves baseball'."
TIP: Read each passage twice, allowing students to listen to the content the first time. Then read it a second time for further analysis using the title and details to determine the best big idea.
Ask: "How did I choose the best main idea?" Students should respond that you thought about what the story was mostly about and then read both choices. You thought about which choice was not just a small detail but the most important idea of the story.
will read “The First Day of School” (provided) and discuss the two choices for the main idea. We will choose the best main idea from the two choices and provide evidence from the text to support our idea. If students disagree, they will be allowed to debate until everyone agrees on the main idea.
TIP: Circle the details in the passages that help support the big idea so students can see the text support.
will read (or listen as I read) “Snow Day!” (provided) and the two choices for the main idea. You will determine the main idea and explain how you know that is the main idea of the passage. (Independent Practice Worksheet is provided.)
TIP: Struggling students may benefit from having answer choices to choose from for the Independent Practice. You may want to modify the Independent Practice passage if students are not familiar with or have not experienced “snow days” to make it more relevant or more engaging to them.
Build Student Vocabulary poster
|Tier 2 Word: poster|
|Contextualize the word as it is used in the story||Kobe has five baseball posters hanging in his room.|
|Explain the meaning student-friendly definition)||A poster is a large sign that usually has a picture. A poster gives people information or makes a wall look nice. Kobe has posters that have information about baseball.|
|Students repeat the word||Say the word poster with me: poster.|
|Teacher gives examples of the word in other contexts||A baseball poster could have pictures and information about a baseball team. A movie poster shows me a picture of a movie. Sometimes there are posters in the subway or train stations that tell about the time the train will come. Sometimes we see posters telling people to buy something.|
|Students provide examples||Where might you see a poster? Tell me about it by saying, “I might find a poster __________________.”|
|Students repeat the word again.||What word are we talking about? poster|
|Additional Vocabulary Words||hanging, mitt|
After identifying the main idea of the "Baseball" reading passage, explain that a baseball mitt is a large leather glove that helps a team catch balls. Baseball used to be played without mitts, but when a player named Doug Allison injured his hand, he used a mitt to help him catch balls on the field.
Texts & Materials
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