Lessons & Units :: Ming Lo Moves the Mountain 1st Grade Unit

Read-Aloud Lesson: Ming Lo Moves the Mountain

Lesson Plan

Ming Lo Moves the Mountain | 600L

Ming Lo Moves the Mountain
Learning Goal
Describe the main character’s problem and his attempts to solve it in order to discuss the themes of wisdom and happiness.
Duration
Part 1: Approximately 20 minutes
 
Part 2: Approximately 10-15 minutes
 
Part 3: Approximately 10-15 minutes
Necessary Materials

Provided:
1. Detailed lesson plan
2. Graphic organizer for guided practice
3. Independent student worksheet

Not Provided:
Ming Lo Moves the Mountain

 
  1. This lesson is a close reading of the entire text. So it’s important to engage students often, to enhance their learning. Here are two tips:

    •   When you ask the more complex questions from the lesson, ask students to “turn-and-talk” or “buddy-talk” before answering.

    •   Once you are deep into the lesson, instead of asking students every question provided, ask them to share with you what questions they should be asking themselves at that point in the text. This is also a great opportunity to use "turn-and-talk."
       
  2. Suggested teacher language is included in the lesson.

  3. We recommend you read the book once to your students, either the day or morning before teaching the lesson.

  4. This research-based, read-aloud lesson may seem long. Why do students need the lesson to be this way?
 

Part 1: Teacher Modeling and Questioning

 

Write the following student-friendly learning goal on the board, then read the learning goal out loud with the class: 

We will describe the main character’s problem and how he tries to solve the problem and whether he ends up happy.  

 
Transition Students into the Text
 

Teacher says: If I told you that I moved an entire office building from one street to another, by myself, would you believe me? What if I told you I moved an entire mountain to another place because the mountain was in my way? Would you believe me? No? Well I think we are all going to be very interested in what we are about to read in Ming Lo Moves the Mountain.

 
Read page 1 out loud, then stop. Page 1 ends with, “...love the mountain.”
1.
Teacher asks: Where do Ming Lo and his wife live?
 
Students answer: Ming Lo and his wife live at the bottom of a large mountain.
2.
Teacher asks: How do Ming Lo and his wife feel about the mountain?
 
Students answer: Ming Lo and his wife do not love the mountain.
3.
Teacher says (models thinking): I wonder why Ming Lo and his wife do not love the mountain. Let’s see whether the story tells us.
Read more
 
Read page 3 out loud, then stop. Page 3 ends with, “...thin and sparse.”
4.
Teacher says: The story just gave us a lot of details about what living at the bottom of the mountain is like. One detail is that rocks fall onto Ming Lo's house.
5.
Teacher asks: What are some other details about what it is like to live at the bottom of the mountain?
 

Students answer (may vary but should all be rooted in the text):

  • Heavy rain falls on the house.
  • The rooms in the house are damp and drippy.
  • The mountain casts a shadow over the house.
6.
Teacher asks: Now we know what it is like to live at the bottom of the mountain. What are some reasons Ming Lo and his wife might not love the mountain?
 

Students answer:

  • Ming Lo and his wife might not love the mountain because rocks from it fall onto their house.
  • Ming Lo and his wife might not love the mountain because of the shadow it makes.
 
Read page 5 out loud, then stop. Page 5 ends with, “...house in peace.”
7.
Teacher says: Ming Lo and his wife have a problem. The problem is that the mountain is bringing them unhappiness.
8.
Teacher asks: How does Ming Lo's wife want to solve the problem?
 
Students answer: Ming Lo's wife wants her husband to move the mountain.
 
Read pages 6-7 out loud, then stop. Page 7 ends with, “...move the mountain.”
9.
Teacher asks: Ming Lo asks a wise man to help him solve his problem. What does the wise man tell him to do?
 
Students answer: The wise man tells him to cut down the biggest tree he can find and push the tree against the mountain.
 
Read pages 9-10 out loud, then stop. Page 10 ends with, “...another way to move the mountain.”
10.
Teacher asks: Does Ming Lo do what the wise man tells him to do in order to move the mountain?
 
Students answer: Yes, Ming Lo does what the wise man told him to do.
11.
Teacher asks: What happens when Ming Lo and his wife push the tree against the mountain?
 
Students answer: The tree splits in half.
12.
Teacher asks: Does the mountain move?
 
Students answer: No, the mountain does not move.
13.
Teacher asks: Has Ming Lo solved his problem? Why or why not?
 
Students answer: No, because the mountain has not been moved.
 
Read page 11 out loud, then stop. Page 11 ends with, “...you will move the mountain.”
14.
Teacher asks: Ming Lo goes back to the wise man for more help. The wise man tells him another way to solve his problem. What is it?
 
Students answer: The wise man tells him to hit pots and pans with a spoon and make noise with his voice so that the mountain will be frightened and move.
 
Read page 13 out loud, then stop. Page 13 ends with, “...find a way to move the mountain.”
15.
Teacher asks: What happens when Ming Lo and his wife hit pans and make noise?
 

Students answer:

  • Flocks of birds fly out of the trees.
  • The mountain does not move.
16.
Teacher asks: Has Ming Lo solved his problem? Why or why not?
 
Students answer: No, because the mountain has not been moved.
 
Read page 15 out loud, then stop. Page 15 ends with, “...you will move the mountain.”
17.
Teacher asks: What does the wise man tell Ming Lo to do this time?
 
Students answer: The wise man tells Ming Lo to give cakes and bread to the spirit who lives at the top of the mountain.
18.
Teacher says: Two times Ming Lo did what the wise man told him to do. And both times the mountain did not move.
19.
Teacher asks: Think about what happened the last two times Ming Lo did what the wise man told him to do to move the mountain. Now tell me whether Ming Lo was able to move the mountain either of those times.
 
Students answer: No, Ming Lo was not able to move the mountain either of those times.
20.
Teacher asks: Based on what happened the first two times Ming Lo tried to move the mountain, what will probably happen this time?
 
Students answer: Ming Lo will probably not be able to move the mountain this time, either.
 
Read page 17 out loud, then stop. Page 17 ends with, “...back to the wise man.”
21.
Teacher asks: Does Ming Lo solve his problem this time? Explain why or why not.
 
Students answer: No, Ming Lo does not solve his problem this time. The mountain still has not moved.
22.
Teacher asks: How many times has Ming Lo tried to solve his problem?
 
Students answer: Ming Lo has tried to solve his problem three times.
23.
Teacher says: Ming Lo has done what the wise man told him to do three times. Each time the wise man’s instructions have not worked. Now he is going back to the wise man a fourth time.
24.
Teacher asks: Based on what we have read, is it a good idea for Ming Lo to go back to the same wise man to ask him for help? Explain why or why not.
 

Students answer (may vary):

  • No, because the wise man is not helping Ming Lo solve his problem.
  • Yes, because the wise man has a lot of ideas about how to solve Ming Lo's problem.
 
Read pages 19-21 out loud, then stop. Page 21 ends with, “...do it at once.”
25.
Teacher says (models thinking): This time the wise man gives Ming Lo more instructions than usual for moving the mountain. That makes me wonder whether something different will happen when Ming Lo tries to solve his problem. Let’s find out.
 
Read pages 23-25 out loud, then stop. Page 25 ends with, “...watched in wonder.”
26.
Teacher asks: After Ming Lo leaves the wise man and goes home, what does he do to his house?
 
Students answer: Ming Lo takes his house apart.
27.
Teacher asks: After Ming Lo takes his house apart, he gathers all of the pieces together with everything he owns. What do he and his wife do with everything he has gathered?
 
Students answer: Ming Lo and his wife tie everything together and carry it.
28.
Teacher asks: What is the dance that Ming Lo and his wife do?
 
Students answer: They each put their left foot behind their right foot. Then they put their right foot behind their left foot.
29.
Teacher asks: Ming Lo's neighbors see the dance. To them, what does it look like is happening?
 
Students answer: It looks like Ming Lo and his wife are walking backward across the fields with everything they own.
30.
Teacher asks: Let's take a close look at the illustration on pages 25 and 26. Describe how the distance of Ming Lo and his wife from the mountain is changing as they move backward.
 
Students answer: Ming Lo and his wife are farther away from the mountain as they move backward.
 
Read page 27 out loud, then stop. Page 27 ends with, "...has moved far away!"
31.
Teacher asks: What does Ming Lo say about the mountain after he and his wife finish the dance and open their eyes?
 
Students answer: Ming Lo says that the mountain has moved far away.
32.
Teacher asks: Has the mountain moved far away? Explain why or why not.
 
Students answer: No, the mountain has not moved far away. Only Ming Lo and his wife have moved.
33.
Teacher asks: If the mountain has not moved, why does Ming Lo think it has?
 
Students answer: Ming Lo thinks the mountain has moved because the special dance took him far away from it.
34.
Teacher says: Ming Lo and his wife do not understand what really happened. When they open their eyes after their dance, the mountain is far away. It appears to have moved, but Ming Lo and his wife are actually the ones who moved.
 
Finish reading the remainder of the book.
35.
Teacher asks: At the beginning of the story, the mountain was bringing unhappiness to Ming Lo and his wife. How do they feel at the end of the story?
 
Students answer: They feel happy at the end of the story.
36.
Teacher asks: Why are Ming Lo and his wife happy at the end of the story?
 

Students answer (may vary but should resemble the following):

  • Ming Lo and his wife are happy because they think they have moved the mountain.
  • Ming Lo and his wife are happy because they are far away from the mountain.
37.
Teacher asks: Has Ming Lo solved his problem? Why or why not?
 
Students answer (answers may vary): Yes, because the mountain is no longer bringing Ming Lo and his wife unhappiness.
 

Part 2: Guided Practice and Discussion

 
For this oral lesson, it is suggested to have the completed graphic organizer on the board with the answers concealed. After students provide a correct answer, reveal the corresponding answer on the graphic organizer.
1.
Teacher says: Let’s summarize what we read about Ming Lo and how he tried to solve his problem.
2.
Teacher asks: Let’s start by remembering what Ming Lo's problem is. What is Ming Lo's problem?
 
Students answer: The mountain brings Ming Lo and his wife unhappiness.
3.
Teacher says: Ming Lo goes to a wise man and asks how to move the mountain. The wise man tells him what to do.
4.
Teacher asks: What is the first thing Ming Lo does to try to move the mountain?
 
Students answer: Ming Lo cuts down a tree and pushes it against the mountain.
Read more
5.
Teacher asks: Does pushing the tree against the mountain solve Ming Lo's problem?
 
Students answer: No.
6.
Teacher asks: What is the next action Ming Lo takes to move the mountain?
 
Students answer: Ming Lo makes noise with pots, pans, and his voice to scare the mountain.
7.
Teacher asks: Does making a lot of noise move the mountain?
 
Students answer: No.
8.
Teacher asks: What is the third way Ming Lo tries to solve his problem?
 
Students answer: Ming Lo tries bringing food to the spirit at the top of the mountain.
9.
Teacher asks: Does this attempt to solve the problem work?
 
Students answer: No.
10.
Teacher asks: What is the fourth way Ming Lo tries to solve his problem?
 
Students answer: Ming Lo packs up all his things and does a special dance.
11.
Teacher asks: Does this attempt to solve the problem work?
 
Students answer: Yes, this attempt to solve the problem works.
 

After the answers for the graphic organizer have been completed and discussed with the class, ask the following two discussion questions.

 
Teacher asks: Is the wise man really wise? Support your answer with one or more details from the story.
 

Students answer (may vary):

  • No, the wise man is not wise. He does not know how to move the mountain. Everything he tells Ming Lo to do is silly.
  • Yes, the wise man is wise. He knows that a person cannot move a mountain, but he is still able to think of a way to solve Ming Lo's problem. He tricks Ming Lo into thinking that the mountain moved.
 
Teacher asks: Would Ming Lo and his wife still be happy if they found out that they had not really made the mountain move? Explain why or why not using one or more details from the story.
 
Students answer (may vary):
  • Yes, they would still be happy. The mountain was what brought Ming Lo and his wife unhappiness. Even though they were the ones who moved, and not the mountain, all that matters is that the mountain is far away from them now.
  • No, they would not be happy. The book says that they were happy because they knew that they had made the mountain move.
 

Part 3: Student Independent Practice

 
Read each question out loud to your students and have each student complete the worksheet independently. For questions 5 A) and 6, you can have students draw their answers, answer orally, or write their answers depending on your students’ progress. If you have them write their answers, you may want to write the word(s) on the board for them to copy. Question 7 is a class discussion question.

Texts & Materials

Standards Alignment

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User Comments

Excellent resource!

As a first year teacher, I greatly appreciate the details in this lesson :-)

brilliant