Lesson 1: Visual and Meaning Cues
- Learning Goal
- Use visual cues to read unknown words.
- Use meaning cues to read unknown words.
- Approximately 50 minutes
- Necessary Materials
- Provided: Assessment
Not Provided: The Tiny Seed by Eric Carle
will explain that when we do not know a word while reading, we can think about what word would make sense in the sentence (meaning) and look at the letters in the word to help us identify the word (visual). I will use The Tiny Seed by Eric Carle (big book) to model how to use visual and meaning cues to decode unknown words. I will model substituting the word “fall” for “autumn” (visual) on page 1. I will stop and think aloud: "The picture on this page shows trees with leaves of all different colors. I know that leaves change colors in the fall. I think it is 'fall'. But if I look at the letters in the word, that doesn’t make sense. I know that 'fall' starts with 'f' and this word starts with an 'a'. Another word for 'fall' that starts with an 'a' is 'autumn'. I think this word is 'autumn'. I know this because I thought about whether it made sense in the sentence and if the letters looked right." I will substitute "bun" for "burn" (meaning) on page 3 and think aloud about how that doesn’t make any sense. This word looks like the word "bun". I will read the sentence again and see if that makes sense. “'The sun’s hot rays bun it up.' That doesn’t make any sense. It must be another word that starts with “bu–”. I know the sun is very hot and the sun’s rays can burn. I think the word is burn because that makes sense in the sentence and the word looks like 'burn'." I will continue to model these cueing systems by substituting “ice” for “icy” (meaning) on page 6 and “small” for “tiny” (visual) on page 6.
Ask: "How did I figure out words in the text that I did not know?" Students should respond that you looked at the letters in the word and thought about what word has those letters and would make sense in the sentence.
will listen for any visual and meaning errors as the teacher reads the rest of the book aloud. The teacher will substitute “downs” for “drowns” (meaning) on page 9, “dessert” for “desert” (meaning) on page 10, “flies” for “comes” (visual) on page 12, and “ground” for “earth” (visual) on page 15. We will stop reading at page 15 and discuss how thinking about which words made sense and looking at the letters of the word helped us read the beginning of the book. Note: The remainder of the book will be read in Lesson 2. An assessment is provided.
TIP: When students correctly determine the meaning of a word, have them discuss why they are correct. Have students explain which visual and meaning cues they used to determine the meaning of the unknown word.
will use visual and meaning cues to decode unknown words in independent and guided reading. The teacher will assess these strategies using the attached recording form.
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Build Student Vocabulary lands
|Tier 2 Word: lands|
|Contextualize the word as it is used in the story||One of the seeds lands on a tall and icy mountain.|
|Explain the meaning student-friendly definition)||To land means to come down from the air and rest on a surface (dry land or water).|
|Students repeat the word||Say the word lands with me: lands.|
|Teacher gives examples of the word in other contexts||After the plane lands, the people get off with their bags. The paper airplane landed on the teacher's desk. The bird flew out the window and landed on a branch of a tree.|
|Students provide examples||Tell me about something that you have seen land? Start by saying, “I saw a ____________ land on ____________.”|
|Students repeat the word again.||What word are we talking about? lands|
|Additional Vocabulary Words||sails, settle|
As you read, stop when the sun burns up one of the seeds (pages 3-4). Explain to students that while the sun is very hot, it makes life on our planet possible by providing light and heat. Plants need light in order to grow.