Lessons & Units

Cause and Effect 2nd Grade Unit


Lesson 1 Effects Identify and describe explicit effects in fiction.
Lesson 2 Causes Identify and describe explicit causes in fiction.

Unit Extension Ideas

  • During read alouds, discuss how one cause can lead to several effects, several causes can result in one effect, or multiple causes can lead to multiple effects in a story (chain of events). Record causes and effects in a Chain of Events graphic organizer. (See Additional Activity A Worksheet in Teacher and Student Materials below.)
  • If Predicting has been introduced, students can make predictions about causes and effects in read alouds. As a class, make a list of possible causes and effects, and check them as you read. The Doorbell Rang by Pat Hutchins is suitable for this activity. (See More Books for Teaching Cause and Effect below.)
  • Provide students with examples of cause-and-effect relationships. Have students discuss whether they correspond with each other or not. For example, “I tripped over a toy, so I didn’t get any dessert.” or “I yelled at my brother, so I was sent to my room.” You can also write several examples of cause-and-effect relationships on sentence strips. Write one cause or effect on each sentence strip. Have students work in pairs to match the causes to their effects.
  • Students can write about everyday cause-and-effect relationships (you skip in line, you call your friend a name, you help a friend clean up a mess). Have students use a Cause-and-Effect graphic organizer to plan their writing. (See Additional Activity B Worksheet below.)
  • Students can write responses to cause-and-effect prompts such as, “If you don’t brush your teeth, ______,” or “________, so I need an umbrella.”
  • Students can write several effects for one cause, such as “If you don’t go to bed on time (you will be tired, you will oversleep, you will get in trouble.)”

More Books for Teaching Cause and Effect

The Three Little Pigs
The True Story of the Three Little Pigs
Chicken Little
The Runaway Bunny
There Was a Cold Lady Who Swallowed Some Snow
Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs

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