Lessons & Units :: Cause and Effect 2nd Grade Unit

Lesson 1: Effects

Lesson Plan

Chrysanthemum | 410L

Learning Goal
Identify and describe explicit effects in fiction.
Approximately 50 minutes
Necessary Materials
Provided: Example Chart, Independent Practice Worksheet
Not Provided: Chrysanthemum by Kevin Henkes, chart paper, markers
  • Teacher Modeling

    will introduce the vocabulary of cause and effect, and explain the meaning of cause (why something happens) and effect (a result). I will give several real life examples of cause and effect relationships. For example, if I study hard for a test, I get a good grade. The cause is studying and the effect is getting a good grade. I will model, using the vocabulary “cause and effect,” when identifying causes and effects in Chrysanthemum by Kevin Henkes. I will chart explicit causes and effects from the book, stopping after page 8. (Direct Teaching and Guided Practice Example Chart is provided below in Teacher and Student Materials.)

  • Think Check

    Ask: How did I identify the effects in the story Chrysanthemum? Students should respond that you looked at events in the story and then thought about what happened as a result of or because of that event.

  • Guided Practice

    will work together to use the vocabulary, “cause and effect,” to identify, chart, and describe the explicit effects from the middle of Chrysanthemum, stopping at page 19. (The teacher will identify the causes and work with the class to chart the effects. Direct Teaching and Guided Practice Example Chart is provided below.)

  • Independent Practice

    will listen as the teacher reads and identifies the causes in the rest of Chrysanthemum. You will identify the effects for each of the causes that were identified by the teacher. (Student Independent Practice is provided below.)

Build Student Vocabulary jealous

Tier 2 Word: jealous
Contextualize the word as it is used in the story When Chrysanthemum told her parents that the other kids did not like her name, they told her that the other kids were jealous.
Explain the meaning student-friendly definition) Jealousy is an unhappy feeling of wanting something that someone else has. Chrysanthemum’s parents thought the other kids were jealous because they wanted a name as special as hers.
Students repeat the word Say the word jealous with me: jealous.
Teacher gives examples of the word in other contexts You might feel jealous of someone who has new shoes or a new backpack because you wish you had new shoes or a new backpack. Sometimes people are jealous of other people because they have more friends.
Students provide examples Can you think of something that might make someone feel jealous? Start by saying “Someone might feel jealous because _____________.”
Students repeat the word again. What word are we talking about? jealous
Additional Vocabulary Words wilted, precious

Build Student Background Knowledge

After reading Chrysanthemum, explain that the "Dance of the Flowers" that Chrysanthemum and her classmates perform is part of The Nutcracker. The Nutcracker is a famous ballet that tells the story of how a prince turned into a nutcracker. The story is often performed around the Christmas holiday. Share a video clip or picture of The Nutcracker ballet with your class.

Texts & Materials

Standards Alignment

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User Comments

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really amazing they got it the first time i read the story

Oh, this is a beautiful lesson!!

We have a learner who is being called "crazy" when she is NOT crazy. This book will go a long way toward building empathy and understanding of this little woman.

Simultaneously, Chrysanthemum's beautifully written words will allow our learners to appreciate the beauty of the English language. It takes up to 10 years and longer to understand and speak a new language. Sometimes our learners get discouraged, even JEALOUS of others agilities to pick up language quickly.

There is an unspoken embarrassment for many refugees who may have been in this country for several years. If they have not yet learned English, others sometimes feel superior, while that learner can feel discouraged and inferior. Again, little Chrysanthemum's feelings are perfect for a class like mine.

Using a children's book has been criticized. What i do to prepare these adults for this is to help them understand that books like this are read and beloved by every aged person! We have had so many truly touching moments reading books like this and studying vocabulary, plot, cause and effect, etc.

I truly enjoyed reading how you have described in such a POSITIVE way, how this book can be incorporated in the classroom. Thanks for bringing such a POSITIVE point to the table and helping those learners you have mentioned.

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