Lesson 1: Effects
- Learning Goal
- Identify and describe explicit effects in fiction.
- Approximately 50 minutes
- Necessary Materials
- Provided: Example Chart, Independent Practice Worksheet
Not Provided: Chrysanthemum by Kevin Henkes, chart paper, markers
will introduce the vocabulary of cause and effect, and explain the meaning of cause (why something happens) and effect (a result). I will give several real life examples of cause and effect relationships. For example, if I study hard for a test, I get a good grade. The cause is studying and the effect is getting a good grade. I will model, using the vocabulary “cause and effect,” when identifying causes and effects in Chrysanthemum by Kevin Henkes. I will chart explicit causes and effects from the book, stopping after page 8. (Direct Teaching and Guided Practice Example Chart is provided below in Teacher and Student Materials.)
Ask: How did I identify the effects in the story Chrysanthemum? Students should respond that you looked at events in the story and then thought about what happened as a result of or because of that event.
will work together to use the vocabulary, “cause and effect,” to identify, chart, and describe the explicit effects from the middle of Chrysanthemum, stopping at page 19. (The teacher will identify the causes and work with the class to chart the effects. Direct Teaching and Guided Practice Example Chart is provided below.)
will listen as the teacher reads and identifies the causes in the rest of Chrysanthemum. You will identify the effects for each of the causes that were identified by the teacher. (Student Independent Practice is provided below.)
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Build Student Vocabulary jealous
|Tier 2 Word: jealous|
|Contextualize the word as it is used in the story||When Chrysanthemum told her parents that the other kids did not like her name, they told her that the other kids were jealous.|
|Explain the meaning student-friendly definition)||Jealousy is an unhappy feeling of wanting something that someone else has. Chrysanthemum’s parents thought the other kids were jealous because they wanted a name as special as hers.|
|Students repeat the word||Say the word jealous with me: jealous.|
|Teacher gives examples of the word in other contexts||You might feel jealous of someone who has new shoes or a new backpack because you wish you had new shoes or a new backpack. Sometimes people are jealous of other people because they have more friends.|
|Students provide examples||Can you think of something that might make someone feel jealous? Start by saying “Someone might feel jealous because _____________.”|
|Students repeat the word again.||What word are we talking about? jealous|
|Additional Vocabulary Words||wilted, precious|
After reading Chrysanthemum, explain that the "Dance of the Flowers" that Chrysanthemum and her classmates perform is part of The Nutcracker. The Nutcracker is a famous ballet that tells the story of how a prince turned into a nutcracker. The story is often performed around the Christmas holiday. Share a video clip or picture of The Nutcracker ballet with your class.