Lessons & Units

Figurative Language 3rd Grade Unit


Lesson 1 Similes Identify similes and explain their meaning.
Lesson 2 Metaphors Identify metaphors and explain their meaning.
Lesson 3 Poetry Identify and describe similes and metaphors in poetry.

Unit Extension Ideas

  • Have students explore the meaning of idioms in:
    • There’s a Frog in My Throat by Loreen Leedy
    • Scholastic Dictionary of 100 Idioms by Marvin Terban
    • Punching the Clock by Marvin Terban
    • In a Pickle and Other Funny Idioms by Marvin Terban
  • Students can read poems and identify similes and metaphors in:
    • The Random House of Poetry for Children selected by Jack Prelutsky
    • Beast Feast by Douglas Florian
    • Winter Eyes by Douglas Florian
    • The Dreams of Hummingbirds by Mary Ann Coleman
  • During independent reading, have students identify examples of figurative language and categorize them as either idiom, simile, or metaphor using a graphic organizer. (See Additional Activity A Worksheet below in Teacher and Student Materials.)
  • Provide students with a simile and have them change it into a metaphor, and vice-versa.
  • Have students write a story with two similes and two metaphors that describe the character or the setting of the story.
  • Provide students with a picture or painting and have them describe it using idioms, similes, or metaphors.
  • Students can write similes, idioms, or metaphors about school, teachers, home life, or an activity that they enjoy.

User Comments

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My two highest groups were so involved with this series of lessons. I will be doing this again next year but will find a way to adapt it for my lower groups.

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This site is an excellent resource for teachers who need structured reading lessons. Thanks-a-million!