Lessons & Units

Figurative Language 3rd Grade Unit


Lesson 1 Similes Identify similes and explain their meaning.
Lesson 2 Metaphors Identify metaphors and explain their meaning.
Lesson 3 Poetry Identify and describe similes and metaphors in poetry.

Unit Extension Ideas

  • Have students explore the meaning of idioms in:
    • There’s a Frog in My Throat by Loreen Leedy
    • Scholastic Dictionary of 100 Idioms by Marvin Terban
    • Punching the Clock by Marvin Terban
    • In a Pickle and Other Funny Idioms by Marvin Terban
  • Students can read poems and identify similes and metaphors in:
    • The Random House of Poetry for Children selected by Jack Prelutsky
    • Beast Feast by Douglas Florian
    • Winter Eyes by Douglas Florian
    • The Dreams of Hummingbirds by Mary Ann Coleman
  • During independent reading, have students identify examples of figurative language and categorize them as either idiom, simile, or metaphor using a graphic organizer. (See Additional Activity A Worksheet below in Teacher and Student Materials.)
  • Provide students with a simile and have them change it into a metaphor, and vice-versa.
  • Have students write a story with two similes and two metaphors that describe the character or the setting of the story.
  • Provide students with a picture or painting and have them describe it using idioms, similes, or metaphors.
  • Students can write similes, idioms, or metaphors about school, teachers, home life, or an activity that they enjoy.

User Comments

Outstanding materials to use with 2nd and 3rd grade students. These materials help reinforce the skills

Thanks for the amazing resources!!! I love them all and will use them in my figurative language lessons!

My two highest groups were so involved with this series of lessons. I will be doing this again next year but will find a way to adapt it for my lower groups.

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This site is an excellent resource for teachers who need structured reading lessons. Thanks-a-million!