Lesson 1: Similes
- Learning Goal
- Identify and describe similes.
- Approximately 50 minutes
- Necessary Materials
- Provided: Direct Teaching Passage, Direct Teaching Passage Answer Key, Independent Practice Worksheet
Not Provided: If You Hopped Like a Frog by David M. Schwartz, chart paper, markers
will explain the meaning of similes (figurative language that compares two unlike objects by using the words “like,” “than,” or “as”). Authors use similes to compare two things in an interesting way that puts a clearer image in the reader’s head. I will give examples of similes and identify the objects being compared and their meaning. Examples: “The snow is like a blanket.” “The bread is as hard as nails.” “The river is as dry as a bone.” I will read the passage “The Surprise Party” (included in Books and Passages) aloud. I will identify the similes in the passage and explain their meaning. For example, in the first sentence the author compares Grace’s mouth to a bus. She uses the word “as” to compare them. We know Grace’s mouth isn’t really as big as a bus because that is impossible. Buses are too big. The author must be trying to tell us that Grace has a big mouth, which is something people say when someone talks too much.
Ask: How did I identify a simile in the story and how did I know the real meaning? Students should respond that you used words such as "like" and "as" to help you find a sentence that compares two things. Then you thought about the comparison and what meaning the author was trying to give the reader.
will read If You Hopped Like a Frog by David M. Schwartz. We will chart the similes in the book, as well as what the similes compare and their meaning.
will identify similes in the passage, what they compare and their meaning. (Student Independent Practice is provided below in Teacher and Student Materials.)
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|Tier 2 Word: spot|
|Contextualize the word as it is used in the story||If you had eagle eyes, you could spot a running rabbit from high in the clouds!|
|Explain the meaning student-friendly definition)||To spot means to notice or see something small or hidden. If a rabbit could be spotted, it means that the rabbit could be noticed from far away.|
|Students repeat the word||Say the word spot with me: spot.|
|Teacher gives examples of the word in other contexts||When I was looking for grapes in the grocery store, I spotted them on the top shelf. My dog always spots the cats on the street before I see them. When I see the children on the playground, I can always spot my brother, because he wears a red hat. I couldn’t find my gloves until I spotted them on the floor next to the door.|
|Students provide examples||Tell me about something you spotted. Why was it hard to see? Start by saying, “Once I spotted _________________.”|
|Students repeat the word again.||What word are we talking about? spot|
|Additional Vocabulary Words||craned, devour|
After reading "The Surprise Party," explain to students that hornets are an insect that is part of the wasp family. Hornets are predators feeding on other bugs, such as bees and flies. Hornets do not harm humans unless provoked, but their sting can be poisonous to if you are allergic to their venom. Use this information to help your class understand the phrase "mad as a hornet."