Lessons & Units :: Figurative Language 3rd Grade Unit

Lesson 2: Metaphors

Lesson Plan

If You Hopped Like a Frog | 990L

If You Hopped Like a Frog
Learning Goal
Identify and describe metaphors.
Approximately 50 minutes
Necessary Materials
Provided: Direct Teaching Passage, Direct Teaching Passage Answer Key, Example Chart for Direct Teaching and Guided Practice, Independent Practice Worksheet
Not Provided: If You Hopped Like a Frog by David M. Schwartz, chart paper, markers
  • Teacher Modeling

    will explain the meaning of metaphors (figurative language that compares two unlike objects but does not use the words “like”, “than”, or “as”). Metaphors compare two things by stating that one “is” the other. For example, “My sister is a bear in the morning” compares the sister to a bear by saying she has qualities of a bear. I will give examples of metaphors and identify the objects being compared and their meaning. Examples: “The snow is a blanket.” “The bread is a rock.” “The river is a desert.” I will read the passage “The Surprise Party II” (included in Books and Passages) aloud. I will identify the metaphors in the passage and explain their meaning. For example, in the first sentence the author says Grace is “a loud mouth.” She does not use the words “as” or “like” but she is comparing Grace to a loud mouth. We know Grace is a person, not a mouth. The author must be trying to tell us that Grace talks too much and has a hard time keeping secrets.

  • Think Check

    Ask: How did I identify a metaphor in the story and how did I know the real meaning? Students should respond that you looked for sentences that described something or someone by saying they are something else. Then you thought about the comparison and what meaning the author was trying to give the reader.

  • Guided Practice

    will reread If You Hopped Like a Frog, identifying the metaphors in the book. Note: There are two metaphors in the book. Challenge students to identify them as you reread the text aloud. The metaphors are “If you had the brain of a brachiosaurus” and “If you had eagle eyes.”

  • Independent Practice

    will identify metaphors in the passage, what they compare and their meaning. (Student Independent Practice is provided below.)

Build Student Vocabulary charge

Tier 2 Word: charge
Contextualize the word as it is used in the story “If you scurried like a spider you could charge down an entire football field in just two seconds!”
Explain the meaning student-friendly definition) To charge means to rush forward. If you charged down a football field, it means that you rushed down the football field.
Students repeat the word Say the word charge with me: charge
Teacher gives examples of the word in other contexts I charged around the apartment because I was late for work. I charged to catch the bus.
Students provide examples When would you charge? Start by saying, “I would charge __________________________.”
Students repeat the word again. What word are we talking about? charge
Additional Vocabulary Words mighty, torch

Build Student Background Knowledge

Pause while reading page 2 and explain that ants can lift up to 20 times their body weight! Their muscles are not stronger than humans, but they have less body mass (the amount of space a body takes up), so they can lift more. Also, if a human could run as fast as ants, he or she could keep up with a racehorse. Ants may be small, but they have fast and strong bodies for their size.

Texts & Materials

Standards Alignment

(To see all of the ReadWorks lessons aligned to your standards, click here.)

User Comments


Wonderful lessons on figurative language!

They are amazing and very helpful to all teachers especially to a special education teacher like me. Thank you very much, you light up my life as a special teacher.

Your resources are fabulous!

Love these lessons for understanding figurative language!

Really helped! Thanks a bunch..