Lesson 1: Identifying the Theme of a Fable
- Learning Goal
- Use the plot and main idea of a fable to identify the theme.
- Approximately 50 minutes
- Necessary Materials
- Provided: Direct Teaching for Lesson 1: Theme Graphic Organizer A, Guided Practice for Lesson 1: Theme Graphic Organizer B, Guided Practice for Lesson 1: Theme Graphic Organizer B Answer Key, Independent Practice Worksheet
Not Provided: Aesop’s Fables by Jerry Pinkney, chart paper, markers
will explain that the “theme” is the underlying meaning or lesson of a story that the author is trying to convey to the reader. I will also explain that good readers think about the events that happen in the story (plot) and what the story is mostly about (main idea) to figure out the lesson we can learn (theme). I will read “The Boasting Traveler” (p. 76) from Aesop’s Fables by Jerry Pinkney aloud. I will use a graphic organizer to chart the the events from the story and think aloud about what the story is mostly about to identify the theme of the story. (Direct Teaching Teacher Example Graphic Organizer is provided below in Teacher and Student Materials.) I will explain that I think the author is trying to tell me that actions speak louder than words.
Ask: How did I identify the theme of the story? Students should respond that you read the story and identified the events in the story and thought about what the story was mostly about. Then you used this information to figure out the lesson or theme of the story.
will read “The Travelers and the Gold Coins” (p. 75) from Aesop’s Fables. We chart what happened in the story and what the story is mostly about on our graphic organizer, in order to identify the theme of the story. We will conclude that one theme is, "If you don’t share your good luck, don’t expect to share your bad luck. (Guided Practice Student Worksheet and Teacher Answer Key are provided below.)
will read “The Fox and the Crow” (p. 68) from Aesop’s Fables. You will use a graphic organizer to chart the the events from the story and think aloud about what the story is mostly about, in order to identify the theme of the story. (Student Independent Practice is provided below.) Note: You will need to provide your students with a copy of the story for Independent Practice.
TIP: Students may word the themes differently. As long as the theme is supported by the plot and the main idea, it is correct. Provide struggling students with two or three options for the theme so that they can choose the best theme based on the plot and main idea.
(To see all of the ReadWorks lessons aligned to your standards, click here.)
Build Student Vocabulary boasting
|Tier 2 Word: boasting|
|Contextualize the word as it is used in the story||"He stood in the marketplace, boasting of his adventure: he had climbed the highest mountains, sailed the deepest seas, and visited the most magnificent cities."|
|Explain the meaning student-friendly definition)||To boast is to show off the things you own or have done. The traveler was boasting about the things he did, the places he visited, and about the long jump he made.|
|Students repeat the word||Say the word with me: boasting.|
|Teacher gives examples of the word in other contexts||I didn’t like it when my friend was boasting about how much money he has. When I told my cousin that I bought a new dress, she boasted that she had seven new dresses.|
|Students provide examples||Tell me about a time you heard someone boast. What were they boasting about? Say "I heard someone boast about _____________."|
|Students repeat the word again.||What word are we talking about? boasting|
|Additional Vocabulary Words||spectacular, magnificent|
After reading the fable “The Travelers and the Gold Coins”, explain that people have been using gold to make jewelry for thousands of years (since the Stone Age). One early source of gold was found in Ethiopia, in East Africa. There were many gold mines in Ethiopia, and many African countries traded their salts and goods for gold.