Lesson 1: Choosing the Right Strategy
- Learning Goal
- Use multiple strategies to determine the meaning of a word in context.
- Approximately 50 minutes
- Necessary Materials
- Provided: Direct Teaching Vocabulary Strategies Chart; Direct Teaching and Guided Practice Passage, “Free Speech at School;” Direct Teaching and Guided Practice Example Chart; Independent Practice Worksheet
Not Provided: Chart paper, markers, articles, Independent Reading books
will explain that when I am reading a text, I can use multiple strategies to understand the meaning of a word that I don’t understand. I will share a chart of strategies previously learned. (Direct Teaching Teacher Example Chart is provided in the Teacher and Student Materials section.) (Note: Please refer to Vocabulary in Context 3rd Grade lessons if a further review is required.) I will read the first paragraph of “Free Speech at School” aloud (provided in the Teacher and Student Materials section) and use each strategy on my chart to illustrate how to learn the meaning of a word. (Direct Teaching and Guided Practice Teacher Example Chart is provided in the Teacher and Student Materials section.) For example, “right” must mean a power or privilege someone is fairly entitled to. The author defines the word in the sentence, so I used an appositive to figure out what "right" means. In addition, “just” must mean fair. I know this by identifying a contrasting statement in the sentence. If there are no clues in the text, I will use a dictionary to find the word’s meaning.
Ask: How do I find the meaning of unknown words in texts? Students should respond that you use contrasting statements, appositives, prefixes, context clues, and dictionaries to find the meaning of unknown words.
will read the remaining paragraphs of “Free Speech at School” and use prefixes, contrasting statements, context clues, and appositives to determine the meaning of the words in bold. If we cannot figure out a word’s meaning from the text, we will look it up in the dictionary. We will chart the words, their meanings, and the strategies we used together.
will select an article from a magazine or newspaper, or use your book for Independent Reading to identify the meaning of difficult and unknown words. You will fill out the Word Journal (Student Independent Practice provided below) by recording difficult words in the text, what they mean, and which strategy you used to figure out their meaning.
Build Student Vocabulary express
|Tier 2 Word: express|
|Contextualize the word as it is used in the story||"Freedom of Expression is an important right to express your opinions, religion, or beliefs without fear of punishment."|
|Explain the meaning student-friendly definition)||To express means that to share your inner thoughts, feelings, and opinions. Freedom of Expression guarantees your right to share your inner thoughts, feelings, and opinions.|
|Students repeat the word||Say the word express with me: express.|
|Teacher gives examples of the word in other contexts||I express my feelings in my diary. When I’m in a good mood, I express myself by giving everyone lots of hugs – that’s how I show how I feel. The president’s speech expressed his ideas on education.|
|Students provide examples||When you’re in a bad mood, how do you express yourself? Students should say, “I express myself by…”|
|Students repeat the word again.||What word are we talking about? express|
|Additional Vocabulary Words||represented, mission|
After reading the passage, show students where Vietnam is on your world map. Explain that Vietnam is part of the continent of Asia. In the 1960s and 1970s (1957-1975), the United States was involved in a war between North and South Vietnam. The U.S. defended South Vietnam against North Vietnam. It was the longest war in which the United States took part. During this time, televisions were becoming popular in American homes, and for the first time in history, Americans could watch the war on TV. This influenced many young people to protest, or object to, the war in Vietnam. Tinker, the high school student we just read about, was one of these young protesters.
Texts & Materials
(To see all of the ReadWorks lessons aligned to your standards, click here.)