Lessons & Units :: Compare and Contrast Kindergarten Unit

Lesson 3: Similarities and Differences in a Text

Lesson Plan

Long Ago and Today

Long Ago and Today
Learning Goal
Identify the similarities and differences in a book.
Approximately 50 minutes
Necessary Materials
Provided: Example T-Chart, Independent Practice Worksheet
Not Provided: Long Ago and Today by Rozanne Lanczak Williams, markers, chart paper
  • Teacher Modeling

    will explain that we can look at how things are similar and different at the same time. I will orally explain things that are similar and different by comparing and contrasting examples that are similar and different in the class. For example, two students may have the same color shirt on, but they have different color hair. I will introduce the T-chart that we will use in the lesson. I will read Long Ago and Today by Rozanne Lanczak Williams, stopping at page 10. I will chart things that are similar and different between long ago and today. (Example Chart is provided.)

  • Think Check

    Ask: "How did I find what is the same and what is different in a book?" Students should respond that you read the text and looked at the pictures and thought about what looks and sounds similar and what looks and sounds different.

  • Guided Practice

    will finish reading Long Ago and Today and charting what is similar and different between long ago and today on the T-chart.

  • Independent Practice

    will draw a picture of one thing people did long ago and and one thing people do today based on the book. (Independent Practice Worksheet is provided.)

Build Student Vocabulary plow

Tier 2 Word: plow
Contextualize the word as it is used in the story Farmers long ago and today plow their fields.
Explain the meaning student-friendly definition) To plow means to get the soil ready for planting by using a farm machine called a plow. The books shows us that long ago farmers used animals to pull their plows. Today they ride on tractors that plow the fields.
Students repeat the word Say the word plow with me: plow.
Teacher gives examples of the word in other contexts The farmer plowed his fields before he planted corn. He used a horse to pull the plow. After a snowstorm, a snowplow is used to push aside the snow and clear the streets.
Students provide examples What are some crops that a farmer might plant after he or she plows his or her fields? Tell me about it by saying, “After a farmer plows his or her fields, he or she can plant _________."
Students repeat the word again. What word are we talking about? plow
Additional Vocabulary Words fields, hunted

Build Student Background Knowledge

Pause while reading page 10, and identify the spindle. Explain that a spindle is an early machine that worked by pressing a pedal with your foot. It turned fiber into thread for sewing your own clothing.

Texts & Materials

Standards Alignment

(To see all of the ReadWorks lessons aligned to your standards, click here.)

User Comments

I like the lessons, but some of the books are hard to find.

Thanks for posting. In each page about a book, we provide a link to Amazon where you can purchase the book. For Long Ago and Today, you can find the book page by clicking on the following link: www.readworks.org/books/long-ago-and-today

Love these lessons

I would use this for my students getting them ready for testing.

Thank you it's very useful :)