Lessons & Units :: Genre Studies: Biography Kindergarten Unit

Lesson 1: Real People

Lesson Plan

The Story of Ruby Bridges | 730L

The Story of Ruby Bridges
Learning Goal
Explain that biographies are stories that give information about real people.
Identify information about real people in a biography.
Approximately 50 minutes
Necessary Materials
Provided: Example Chart, Independent Practice Worksheet
Not Provided: The Story of Ruby Bridges by Robert Coles, chart paper, markers
  • Teacher Modeling

    will explain to students that biographies are types of books that tell a story of a real person’s life. Biographies teach the reader information about a real person. I will create a Characteristics of Biographies Chart (example provided) and add the characteristic, “Facts about a Real Person” to the chart. I will model identifying information about a real person in the biography, The Story of Ruby Bridges by Robert Coles. I will identify the name of the real person that the story is about—Ruby Bridges—and then identify factual information from the text as I read the first half of the book. To identify information, I will look for facts, or true details about the main character, Ruby Bridges as I read. For example, one fact that I learned about Ruby Bridges from this biography is that she moved to New Orleans when she was four years old.

  • Think Check

    Ask: "How did I identify information about a real person in a biography?" Students should respond that you identified the information by looking at the pictures and by reading the text for facts, or true details, about the real person who the biography is about.

  • Guided Practice

    will finish reading the biography and work together to identify additional facts that we are learning about Ruby’s life. We will reflect that this biography includes many facts about a real person’s life, so we will write the title of the book on our Characteristics of Biographies Chart, and then write one fact that we learned about Ruby in the next column.

  • Independent Practice

    will identify one fact that you learned about Ruby Bridges from the biography. (Independent Practice Worksheet is provided.) You will use your fact to explain how you know this book is a biography.

Build Student Vocabulary law

Tier 2 Word: law
Contextualize the word as it is used in the story “The black children were not able to receive the same education as the white children. It wasn’t fair. And it was against the nation’s law.”
Explain the meaning student-friendly definition) A law is a rule that the government makes and that all people in that country must follow. When we talk about “the law,” we mean all of the rules that people must follow. It is against the law in the United States to separate people by race (the color of their skin).
Students repeat the word Say the word law with me: law.
Teacher gives examples of the word in other contexts If you are breaking the law, that means you are doing something against the law and not following the rules. For example, people who steal are breaking the law. Laws are different in different countries. For instance, in India, it is against the law to kill a cow because they are considered very special animals.
Students provide examples Can you give an example of a law in our country? Start by saying, “An example of a law is __________________.”
Students repeat the word again. What word are we talking about? law
Additional Vocabulary Words marshals, mob

Build Student Background Knowledge

Show your students where Ruby Bridges went to school and broke racial barriers by pointing to New Orleans, Louisiana on a map of the United States. Explain that New Orleans is in the Southern half of the United States, along a body of water called the Gulf of Mexico. Tell students that the weather there is very hot and humid, and the land is full of swamps and marshes.

Texts & Materials

Standards Alignment

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